Every Woman should know What is a Medical Abortion

A medical abortion involves taking a prescription medicine called “Mifepristone” which is also called the “abortion pill”. The pill is used to end an early pregnancy. It works by blocking progesterone, the hormone that builds up the lining of a women’s uterus (womb) during pregnancy.

Without progesterone, the lining of the uterus is unable to hold a pregnancy. As the lining of the uterus breaks down, bleeding occurs. The abortion pill is very effective. It works about 96-98% of the time if a woman is 8 weeks pregnant or less. If taken between 8-10 weeks of pregnancy, it is about 93% effective. If the abortion pill doesn’t work a surgical abortion may be suggested.

Other facts about taking the abortion pill:

  • The first pill is usually taken in a doctor’s office or a clinic – (this is when the termination begins)
  • The second pill should be taken at home – you’ll need to make plans to have someone stay with you. The medicine in this pill is called Misoprostol, and it will cause vaginal bleeding (similar to a period) and cramping which usually lasts a few hours.
  • Bleeding can be light-heavy with or without clots and it can feel like a regular period or a miscarriage
  • It is also common to feel dizzy, nauseous (sick to your stomach), and/or have diarrhea or loose stools

Here Is the medical abortion safe

A medical abortion is considered safe; however, when taking any medication there’s always the possibility of having a reaction. In just a small percent of the time, the abortion pill is not effective. If it doesn’t work, the pregnancy will need to be terminated by a surgical abortion.

Rarely, someone may have: an allergic reaction to the pills, heavy bleeding, or infection. It’s also possible but rare to have an incomplete abortion (this is when some of the tissue is left behind in the womb) or an undetected pregnancy outside of the womb (ectopic pregnancy). Very rarely, a complication can be fatal.

There are some reasons why the abortion pill may not be the right choice for you.

You should not take the abortion pill if:

  • You are not sure that you want to terminate the pregnancy
  • You are more than 9 weeks pregnant
  • You don’t plan on taking the 2nd dose
  • You can’t keep your follow-up appointment with your doctor
  • You do NOT have a phone and ride to and from the clinic
  • You don’t have someone who can be with you when you take the pills
  • You have a blood-clotting disorder or if you take any anti-blood clotting medicine
  • You have an IUD (intrauterine birth control device) in place. You will need to have this removed before having a medical abortion.

A medical abortion is a termination method that is a safe option for some women (who do not want to be pregnant) but not for others. Talk with your health care provider to see what method is best for you.

 

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